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EABCN
East Asia Biodiversity Conservation Network

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Book

Title

KSPC ( A Review of Progress in implementation of the Korea Strategey for Plant Conservation 2020 by Korea National Arboretum

Introduction

A global plan for plant conservation was first suggested at the International Botanic Congress held in 1999, and Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) was officially adopted as a program under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at its 6th meeting. Later the strategy was revised into GSPC 2020 along with developing of ""The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2011-2020)"" of CBD. Korea National Arboretum developed ""Korea Strategy for Plant Conservation (KSPC)"" in 2008, involved in the use of various key activities including development of checklist of national flora, restoration of rare plants, ex situ conservation, and securing of protected areas. After then, the strategy was revised as KSPC 2020 correlated with GSPC 2020 and conducted various studies and projects to achieve objectives of each target. This reports covers all results of activities conducted by Korea National Arboretum from 2011 to 2015 according to KSPC 2020 and outlines future actions for successful accomplishment of the defined targets by 2020, consists of the following parts ; ""outline"", ""current status"", ""key successes"", and ""looking to the future : key challenge"". In order to fully examine all accomplishments of KSPC from 2011 to 2015, research groups, worked on each of target, analyzed results and suggested their view on further successful realization of phases defined for each target. Based on these data, they conducted evaluations on current status and further progress toward defined targets to determine real possibility to achieve each of the targets and to set future plans to complement incomplete parts. Summary provided in the last part of this reports to compare the evaluation results on progress toward each target. For better understanding of overall activities on plants conservation, case studies and related data of other relevant institutions are presented in the part of ""Current status"", in spite of review scope of this report is confined by implementation performances of Korea National Arboretum. The following information is short summary of evaluation results on progress towards each target defined in KSPC 2020. Basic targets for implementation of strategy - Target 1 (The completion of online flora of the Korean Peninsula), Target 2 (An evaluation of endangered species) and Target 3 (The development and sharing of implementation strategies) will have been achieved by 2020, if consistent efforts are implemented. Target 4 (The securing of at least 15% of each ecological region/vegetation unit), Target 5 (The conservation of at least 75% of diversity conservation areas for important plants in each ecological area) and Target 6 (The management of congruence with biodiversity conservation for at least 75% of the production land) which define progress in the conservation of ecosystem and biodiversity, were evaluated as in slow progressing and about 90% of the goals will have been achieved by 2020 if consistent efforts are implemented. Target 7 (The pursuit of in situ conservation) and Target 8 (The pursuit ex situ conservation and restoration) which define for the proactive implementation of plants conservation, will have been achieved by 2020 if consistent efforts are implemented. Implementation of Target 9 (The genetic diversity of crops) came to its 3rd step phase and although there have been collection activities to secure genetic diversity of crops and developments of propagation technologies, the progress is bit slow due to the large number of subjective plant species. Target 10 (The development of effective management plans for invasive plants), assumes implementation of a comprehensive management plan against invasive plants with participation of Korea Forest Service and other related government institutions, is in slow progress. Targe 11 (The prevention of plant extinction caused by international trade), assumes conservation and restoration of plant species subject to ""The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)"", is evaluated to be achieved by 2020. Target 12 (The continuous supply of all plant-based products harvested from the wild) was evaluated in its 2nd step. However, the development of mass propagation technology is in slow progress due to the large number of target plant species. Target 13 (The innovation, practice, maintenance and promotion of traditional knowledge related to plant resources) was evaluated in step 2 but the progress is slow. More efforts should be made to meet goal of step 2 and reach step 3 by 2020. Target 14 (The promotion of plant diversity education and recognition), Target 15 (Training specialists for plant conservation) and Target 16 (The establishment and strengthen national-, regional- and international level plant conservation organizations, networks, and partnerships) will have been achieved by 2020 if consistent efforts are implemented.

Create date 2020-10-30 13:48:50

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