KSPC by Korea National Arboretum
Biodiversity is a broad concept of gene, individual organism, population, species,
communities and interaction between these elements. Through the biodiversity
including a variety of types and levels, human can enjoy the well-being and goods,
1) material goods such as genetic information storage, pharmaceutical materials,
energy sources, agriculture, 2) ecological goods (ecosystem services) like climate
alleviation, water purification, soil stability, flood control, 3) beautiful landscape and
recreation, these are the essential factors for the human health and happiness seeking.
The essential of the plant diversity conservation in Korea is use and management of
sustainable natural resources. The plants have the integral value in securing the
sustainable of the humanity. The alternative to the recent global problems such as
climate change and unusual weather events is in the biodiversity and land ecosystems
conservation. The aspect and the change of plant diversity with a variety of levels
(decline or increase) are more closely related with the ecosystem type, damage,
variation and change. The weakening and changing interaction between the
biodiversity components caused from these effects, brought the regional and global
level plant diversity decrease and climate change phenomenon.
According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the most big threat of biodiversity
is agricultural development, urbanization and landscape change and climate change
due to unsustainable use of nature. In particular, the East Asia region including Korea,
the plant habitat decrease and fragmentation is rapidly progressing because of the
rapid urbanization. In the meantime, the long forest use history of Korea till the 1960′s
has been stopped due to the conservation movement and forest policy, and the
ultimate or negative effects have been observed.
The average temperature of the earth has rose 0.7 degrees during the past century,
and it is expected to increase from 1.1 to 6.4 degrees more, till the year 2100. The
change of the past century showed a clear influence on various ecological system.
What′s more, we are witnessing the timing of ecological phenomenon and movement
of species distribution. For example, the spring phenomenon such as blooming,
fruition and animal movements time are getting faster. Also many species tend to
respond to the global warming, in moving their growing range to the highland and high
latitude region. The recent transformation of climate change is also strictly related to
the hydrology and the frequency and intensity of natural blaze. Considering the
expectations of future climate change will be stronger than the past, the future
ecosystem will suffer dramatic changes, so the response of the plants and vegetation
will show plenty of other aspects compared to the past.
In Korea 4,176 species of 917 genes from 179 families of plants are growing. 328
taxon of 160 genes from 57 families are Korean indigenous plants, as the indigenous
gene 7 genes are distributed including Mankyua B.Y.Sun, Pentactina Nakai,
Echinosophora Nakai, Abeliophyllum Nakai, Hanabusaya Nakai.
63% of Korean land accounts for the forest, and almost all plants grow up in the forest.
But due to rapid urban and industrial development lowlands are composed mostly of
artificial land use, and the effect on plant diversity and vegetation is very negative.
And Korean climate change, particularly global warming is rapidly progressing, and the frequency of the disaster is increasing as the climate events increase.
GSPC is the major common implementation task of biodiversity convention established
and implementing at various levels such as organizational, national, regional and
district level. The establishment and implementation of the plant diversity conservation
strategy at the organizational level is to meet the effort to the earth biodiversity
KNA will excavate plant diversity of Korean peninsula targeted to the forest which is the
heart of the Korean peninsula plant diversity, will communicate with the public on the
importance of plant diversity, and we are conducting basic research to preserve them.
The plant conservation strategy of the KNA has been established in 2008 for the first
time, and according to the strategy core activities are performed such as national plant
checklist production, rare plant restoration, ex-situ conservation of plant genetic
resources, secure protection areas.
This strategy is the revised edition of KNA plant conservation strategy No.2 according
to the GSPC 2020, containing active strategy and more network activity goal than the
previous one. In a rapidly changing environment, the activation of the organization,
national and regional network where various organizations participate and implement,
it is the only way to implement and achieve global plant conservation strategy. KNA
will put a lot of effort not only for the activities reported in the paper, but also for the
plant diversity habitat conservation.
Create date 2020-10-30 13:48:49